In this paper, FDI Research Analyst Jarryd de Haan examines some of the primary internal security threats facing Indonesia: terrorism and extremism, separatism, ethnic and religious violence, and piracy. Of those threats, Mr de Haan notes that terrorism and piracy represent the most immediate concerns for the Indonesian Government. Separatism and ethnic and religious violence, on the other hand, could be significant challenges in the long term, especially if other factors, such as an economic crisis, take effect
Indonesia: Threats and Challenges to Domestic Security
- The frequency of terrorist incidents has reached a plateau, but the growing influence of extremism will prove to be difficult to manage.
- Separatism, especially in West Papua, could prove to be a major security hurdle in the longer term, especially if backed by international support.
- Ethnic and religious tensions have been a significant concern in the past, but the Indonesian Government today is better equipped to deal with large-scale violence.
- Indonesia remains a piracy hotspot and the continued complacency of local governments will make it difficult to manage.